Institute of Comparative Culture Public Events
2004-2005

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
April 1, 2004

「企業の社会的責任のためのGlobal Reporting Initiative (GRI)」

待場智雄 (Project Manager, Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Amsterdam)

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ the British Council Lecture Series (Book reading)
May 10, 2004

“The Body”

Hanif Kureishi
(Author of the Buddha of Suburbia and the Black Album. He also wrote the screen-play for My Beautiful Laundrette and Sammy and Rosie Get Laid.)

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
May 11, 2004

“Corporate Governance Reform in South Korea and Japan: Two Paths of Globalization”

Christina Ahmadjian (Professor, Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy, Hitotsubashi University)

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ FASID/ U.N./ CSR Watch Lecture Series
May 12, 2004

“UN and Corporate Social Responsibility in Europe and Asia”

Frederick C. Dubee (Senior Advisor, Global Compact; Executive Office of the Secretary-General, United Nations)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
May 20, 2004

“Postwar Monsterology: Japanese Cultural Exports the US from Godzilla to Pokemon”

Anne Allison (Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Duke University)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
May 27, 2004

“All Tongue Tied: Dialect and 'National Language' in Early Modern and Modern Japan”

Hiraku Shimoda (Ph.D. candidate in Japanese History, Dept. of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University)
Language has long been recognized as a significant component of modern nation-state formation. In Japan the terms kokugo (国語; national language) and hyôjungo (標準語; standard speech) have propagated the ideals of Japanese linguistic unity. Standing in contrast is lingering regional inconsistency, as captured in the term hôgen (方言; dialects). The relationship between “national language” and “dialects” has often been presented as a dichotomous conflict; the centripetal forces of nationalization, we are told, overcame centrifugal regional variations to impose speech homogeneity. Yet the apparent ubiquity of “standard Japanese” today should not obscure the fact that it has a short and problematic history. I examine scholarly and literary discussions and official policies on the question of language unity from the early Tokugawa period to the late Meiji period, with close attention to local examples of how speech practices evolved in daily life. By considering language within the context of nation-state formation, I hope to unpack some unlikely complementarities between region and nation, two entities that seemingly contradict one another.

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
June 1, 2004

“A Constitution for a New Europe”

Pierre de Charentenay (President of the Jesuit Faculties, Paris)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
June 4, 2004

“‘Military Zen’ in W.W.II Japan: A Classic Case Study of Holy War”

Brian Daizen Victoria (Yehan Numata Distinguished Visiting professor; Chair in Buddhist Studies at the University of Hawaii-Manoa in Honolulu)

"In the aftermath of 9/11 there is a tendency to regard 'holy war' as a unique expression of Islamic fundamentalism. The reality, however, is that religion-endorsed violence has existed, at one time or another, in all of the world's major faiths. One relatively unknown example of this phenomenon is the fervent, if not fanatical, support given by leaders of the Zen school to Japanese militarism during W.W. II. By examining this support, it will be possible to gain a better understanding of the universal mechanisms making 'holy war' an enduring feature of contemporary religion and society."

Brian Daizen Victoria is a native of Omaha, Nebraska and a 1961 graduate of Nebraska Wesleyan University in Lincoln, Nebraska. Upon graduation he went to Japan as a short-term missionary for the Methodist Church where he taught English at Methodist-affiliated Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo. Concurrently, he fulfilled his alternate service duty as a conscientious objector. Brian also holds a M.A. in Buddhist Studies from Soto Zen sect-affiliated Komazawa University in Tokyo, and a Ph.D. from the Department of Religious Studies at Temple University.
In addition to his new book, "Zen War Stories" (RoutledgeCurzon, 2003), Brian's major writings include the 1997 book "Zen At War"; an autobiographical work in Japanese entitled "Gaijin de ari, Zen bozu de ari" (As a Foreigner, As a Zen Priest), published by San-ichi Shobo in 1971; "Zen Master Dogen," coauthored with Prof. Yokoi Yuho of Aichi-gakuin University (Weatherhill, 1976); and a translation of "The Zen Life" by Sato Koji (Weatherhill, 1972).
At present, Brian serves as the Yehan Numata Distinguished Visiting Professor Chair in Buddhist Studies at the University of Hawaii-Manoa in Honolulu. He is not affiliated with any particular Zen group.

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AGLOS Workshop in cooperation with Institute of Comparative Culture
June 21, 2004

“Researching ‘Sexual Others’: Notes from a queer academic on researching Hong Kong gay men and sexual workers”

Travis Kong (Department of Applied Social Sciences, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
June 17, 2004

“Hollywood Genealogies: Or, the curious case of Kurosawa and the ‘Rashomon Technique’”

Dolores Martinez (Senior Lecture in Anthropology, with reference to Japan, School of Oriental and African Studies(SOAS), London

In his attempt to create a new theoretical field for post-modernity, Appadurai (1996) offered anthropologists the concept of various ‘scapes’ – financial, ideological, human, representational and technological – as a way of understanding the disjunctures of ‘modernity at large.’ While accepting the fact that there exist many disjunctures in the process that has been labelled globalisation, it is also important to explore the mostly abstract structures that get built in order to bridge these apparently incommensurate gaps. Hollywood as a concept, the site where ‘the American film’ (cf. Oshima 1978) is produced, is one of the loci where such bridges are constructed. In and of itself, the global film industry encompasses all of Appadurai’s ‘scapes’: films are financial projects involving both a movement of people (actors, directors, technicians) and a movement to people (distribution), while representing both the ideological and the imaginary, as he calls it. As a business Hollywood has been global for longer than we have been theorising about globalisation. One example of both the global nature of the film industry and of the way in which it works to bridge disjuncture is the career of the Japanese director Akira Kurosawa. As an example of a local filmmaker whose presence looms large in the western film industry, his importance cannot be underestimated. In terms of techniques, narratives and a certain ‘idea’ of Japan, traces of his influence can be found almost everywhere. This paper will attempt to trace one strand of his effect on the current film industry, the so-called ‘Rashomon technique’ – an idea that is both a misnomer and yet an important starting point for understanding the place Kurosawa occupies in Hollywood genealogies.

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Workshop with Institute of Comparative Culture Visiting Scholars
June 21, 2004

“The Nature of couple relations, related management of emotions, and the interpretations presented by Japanese young people”

Dalid Bloch-Tzemach (ICC Visiting Scholar, Hebrew University, Israel)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
July 16, 2004

“Constructing Art History in Republican China”

Julia Andrews (ICC Visiting Scholar from Ohio State University)
Kuiyi Shen (ICC Visiting Scholar from Ohio University/ University of California San Diego)

While challenging the canon has been a trend in most fields of art history in recent years, the end of the Maoist era in China created unique needs for the field of Chinese art history. A major part of the effort that has been underway in the 1980s and 1990s is aimed, directly or indirectly, at bringing together the diverging views of the canon's structure and monuments that developed in China and the West between 1950 and 1980. What is often overlooked is that those alternative canons share the same foundations in the first half of the twentieth century.
As we have, over the past decade, examined Chinese art publications of the Republican period, we have found that there was a much more intimate relationship between two seemingly distinct parts of the art world in China, the practitioners of contemporary art and the historians of past art, than we might have imagined, and also that the mutual support offered by modernist oil painters and traditionalist ink painters established a firm foundation on which both forms of practice, as well as the study of art history, bloomed in China in the 1930s.
Our paper will focus on one important component of this enterprise, how the history of Chinese art was constructed in Republican China as a modern scholarly field. Why was the canon established? When was it established? And how was it established? We conclude that art history as a modern discipline came into existence in China in less than a decade during the 1920s, based upon organizational frameworks developed in Japan. As in most schools of the time, art history was taught primarily for the benefit of art students. Much of what has followed was built on this foundation, which became an essential, if largely unacknowledged, component of the construction of our field.

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
September 22, 2004

“The Resegmentation of the Japanese Lab or Market”

Sebastien Lechevalier (Centre d'Études Prospectives d'Économie Mathématique Appliquées à la Planification (CEPREMAP) and Faculty of Economics, Tokyo University)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
October 5, 2004

“The Challenges of International Security in the 21st Century: The Politics of Uncertainty”

David Dewitt (Director, Centre for International and Security Studies; Professor of Political Science, Chair, International Strategic Research Group, York University (Toronto, Canada))

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
October 19, 2004

“Beyond FTA’s: Strategies for Asian Integration”

Martin Schulz (Senior Researcher, Fujitsu Research Institute)

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Workshop with Institute of Comparative Culture Visiting Scholars
November 1, 2004

“Class and Gender Dynamics in Japanese Tea Ceremony”

Keiko Chiba (ICC Visiting Scholar from University of Bristol)

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
November 2, 2004

“Institutional Complementary: Concepts, origins, methods and results for Germany”

Robert BOYER (Professor, Centre d'Études Prospectives d'Économie Mathématique Appliquées à la Planification (CEPREMAP), Paris)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
November 29, 20044

“Art Projects in the Context of Migration and Symbolic Politics”

Manuela Unverdorben (Associate Director, Institute of Migration Studies, Graz (Austria); Visiting Scholar at Sophia University Institute of Comparative Culture)

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
December 7, 2004

“Interfirm Networks in the Japanese Electronics Industry”

Ralph Paprzycki (Research Fellow, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Lecture Series
January 12, 2005

“The Branding of Public Space”

Louella Matsunaga (Institute of Comparative Culture Visiting Scholar from Oxford Brookes University)

This paper concerns the ways in which branding companies and others seek to design and construct corporate and retail spaces in order to convey certain messages connected to the idea of "the brand". The paper aims to show why the branding of space is important, and how an analysis of corporate space through the perspective of branding may help us to a better understanding of the ways in which various types of corporate space are created and experienced.
In the first section of the paper I seek to show that the distinctions between retail space and other sorts of space, including museums, are becoming less clear cut, in part because of changes in the sort of visual language and design strategies now being deployed. The second section examines the ways in which retail spaces are produced, with reference to the work of international branding agencies in London and Tokyo. Finally, this paper considers how we can approach the analysis of branded space, incorporating both a view of the processses by which such space is created, and also an understanding of various possible "languages" of the built environment, including those derived from religious, theatrical, and museum spaces.

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Institute of Comparative Culture/ SASE Lecture Series
February 16, 2005

“Regional Integration in East Asia, Europe, North America: An Assessment beyond Traditional Integration Theory”

Patrick Ziltener (University of Zurich, Switzerland; Visiting Scholar at Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI), Tokyo)

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Institute of Comparative Culture Research Group on Contemporary Japanese Culture and Society Workshop
March 5-6, 2005

Japan Youth Cultures in Transition

Project Leader: David Slater (Associate Professor, FCC, Sophia University)

This is the third meeting in our project on Youth Cultures in Transition (the first occurring at the Anthropology of Japan in Japan Annual Meeting in November). Japanese youth are encountering new challenges that are forcing them to face new choices and find alternative routes into adulthood. The series of primary institutional contexts through which young people have been socialized--family, the school and work--have all gone through dramatic changes in the past 10 years. And like young people in other neoliberal societies, Japanese youth have been forced to find new ways to orient themselves within these context in meaningful ways, and strategize among these contexts as parts of new life trajectories. Our project aims at ethnographic analysis of these contexts, values and strategies. Please join us in exploring these dynamics.

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Institute of Comparative Culture Mini-Conference
March 22-23, 2005

Chinese Christianity on the Mainland and in Diaspora Communities

Organizer: Mark Mullins (Professor, FCC, Sophia U.)

The program of this mini-conference has been divided into five sessions: Part I focuses on the socio-political context of religion in contemporary China and recent developments in Chinese Christianity. Part II considers the formation and export of Chinese Christian Movements. Part III examines Chinese Christianity in the diaspora communities in the US and Europe. Part IV focuses on the situation of Chinese Catholics in Japan and the relationship between Catholic congregations and transnationalism. Finally, Part V considers the global significance of recent developments in Chinese Christianity and will explore the implications and consider future directions for research.
We would like to acknowledge and express our appreciation to the United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia for the generous financial support of the conference.

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公開学習センターと共催研修プログラム
September 13-November 5, 2004

International School of Management (ISM); Japanese Society and Business Program 2004

以下の10コース(各コースとも70分の授業10回から成る)をフランスのビジネススクールの学生27名に提供、その他に上智大学の生徒も参加できる公開講演会を5回行った。

Core Courses:

Japanese Organization Behavior (Philippe Debruox, Ph.D.)
Japanese Politics and Society (Tomohito Shinoda, Ph.D.)
Business Japanese (Takafumi Shimizu, Ph.D.)
Japanese Economy (Hiroya Ichikawa, Ph.D.)
Japanese History and Culture (Harald Fuess, Ph.D.)

Advanced Courses:

Recent Issues in Globalization (Yoshitaka Okada, Ph.D. / Junko Uenishi, M.S)
Culture, the Market and Advertising (John McCreery, Ph.D.)
E-commerce in Japan (William Claster, M.A.)
Japanese Corporate Strategy in the New Economy (Edmund Henry, M.A.)
Marketing in Japan (Emmanuel Cheron, Ph.D.)

Special Lectures:

October 1, 2004 :
“New Trends and Job Prospects in Direct Marketing in Japan”
Mr. Philippe Chaniet (Consultant)

October 14, 2004 :
“Consumer Behavior and Retailing in Japan”
Professor Ikuo Takahashi (Faculty of Commerce, Keio University)

October 15, 2004 :
“The Market for Prestigious Brands in Japan”
Mr. Emmanuel Prat (President, LVMH Japan)

October 21, 2004 :
“Integrated Marketing Communication”
Professor Shizue Kishi (Faculty of Communication Studies, Keizai University of Tokyo)

October 25, 2004 :
“Japan’s Companies: Change and Continuity”
Dr. James Abegglen (Chairman, Asia Advisory Service K.K.)